Macedonia's weather is affected by the Mediterranean
currents from the south and the continental currents from the Balkan Peninsula's
mountains. These variations make the weather somewhat unpredictable, but the mountainous
landscape prevents most extremes.
Winters in Macedonia's capital of Skopje reach daily
highs of about 40˚ F (4˚ C), but nights can fall to 25˚ F (-4˚ C), while at elevation
temperatures can be even colder and can get snow. Summers can get very hot though,
with daily highs typically reaching 86˚ F (30˚ C), but night temperatures generally
falling to or below 60˚ F (16˚ C) in Skopje. The most noticeable extremes in temperatures
come in contrasting the southeast, which tends to get more currents from the Mediterranean
and the northwest, which tends to have a more continental climate from the mountains.
Despite these differences, the country is still small enough that there is rarely
an extreme from one part of the country to the next unless you compare the mountains
to the valleys.
Macedonia's elevated, forested, and mountainous landscapes
are home to a number of larger mammals, including wolves, bears, lynx, and pigs.
Plus various smaller mammals exist in the region. There is little in the way of
sea life as the country is landlocked so these animals are confined to the lakes
Numerous birds stop in the country on their migratory routes, as the seasons also
bring a number of reptiles and insects during the summer months.