Under Ottoman rule the region was very stable as the region of
Macedonia was a stronghold for the Ottomans for centuries, however this
also led to immigration of foreign people into the region and the drafting of Macedonians
into the Ottoman army.
The 1800s continued the movements to gain independence in both the regions of Macedonia and Bulgaria, but
again these movements didn't have the power to overthrow the Ottoman Empire.
In 1903 the Macedonians finally obtained an independent state, but this legal establishment
didn't translate to any success on the battlefield as they eventually lost the
war ensuing for independence.
In the early 1900s the Ottoman Empire collapsed and the region that is today
Macedonia was incorporated into the state of Serbia.
After World War I, the region was incorporated into the country called the Kingdom
of Serbs, Croats, and Slovenes,
which was later renamed Yugoslavia.
During World War II (WWII) Yugoslavia was occupied by the Axis powers and the region
that is today Macedonia was divided between the
Bulgarians and the Italians (via Albania).
One of the largest resistance movements during the war was led by the Yugoslav communists
and as WWII concluded, the communist party came to power in Yugoslavia, which again
took control of all of modern day Macedonia.